Major DSM-IV-TR CategoriesDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (First & Pincus, 2002) Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood or Adolescence Mental Retardation – as Mild Mental Retardation Learning Disorders – as Reading Disorder Motor Skills Disorder – as Developmental Coordination Disorder Communication Disorder – as Stuttering Pervasive DevelopmentalContinue Reading

Frotteuristic Disorder is a mental health condition. A paraphilia in which a person derives sexual pleasure or gratification by moving or rubbing himself, or his genitalia, against another non-consenting person, usually in an overly crowded elevator, bus, subway or other public place.  Frotteuristic Disorder generally occurs with men at anyContinue Reading

Yesterday’s wild, overly-energetic, reckless, exasperating child may well be diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2003), ADHD plagues 4 percent of children who display one or more of its three symptoms: Inattention: distractibility, forgetfulness, disorganization Hyperactivity: fidgeting, talking too muchContinue Reading

Asperger Syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger’s, is sometimes classified as a “high functioning” form of Autism. Marked by normal language and intelligence, and often accompanied by exceptional skill or talent in one or more specific areas, people suffering from Asperger’s tend to be deficient in social and communication skills,Continue Reading

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), better known as Autism, is a cluster of mental dysfunctions involving brain development that affects how an individual perceives and socializes with others. It causes problems in social interactions and is characterized by extreme self-absorbtion, a lack of empathy, repetitive motor activities, and the impairment ofContinue Reading

Intellectual Developmental Disorder (IDD) has replaced the past term of Mental Retardation. People receive this diagnosis when they display general intellectual functioning that is well below average, in combination with poor adaptive behavior. (APA, 2013, 2012) In addition to having a low IQ (a score of 70 or below), aContinue Reading

There are varying degrees of intellectual disability, formerly known as mental retardation, ranging from mild to extreme. An example of mild might be that children take longer to speak and understand, but they can communicate. They can often also take care of themselves. An example of extreme would be childrenContinue Reading

People who suffer from Psychotic Disorder are said to have “retreated from reality.” They are socially withdrawn and may experience hallucinations or delusions. Psychotic Disorder can be so debilitating it can lead to hospitalization. Psychotic patients are unable to control their thoughts, which also occur in Schizophrenia and Delusional Disorders,Continue Reading

Neurosis was once recognized as a mental and emotional disorder. However, because the term Neurosis is too imprecise and less serious than the word psychosis it is no longer used. What psychologists once referred to as neurotic is now part of other classifications of anxiety, somatoform, dissociative disorders and someContinue Reading