Stress and Your Heart… More

Pessimism is toxic. A 2001 study of 1,306 men showed that after ten years, pessimists were more than twice as likely as optimists to develop heart disease.

Depression Is Dangerous

Depression can be lethal as well. The cumulative evidence from 57 different studies suggests that depression substantially increases the risk of death, especially death by unnatural causes and cardiovascular disease (Wolsin et al, 1999). One study of 7,406 women age 67 or older found that among those with no depressive symptoms, 7 percent died within six years, as well as 24 percent who had more depressive symptoms.

Studies also show, people who had a heart attack followed by years of depression are four times more likely to develop further heart problems (Frasure-Smith et al, 2005).

This report is not a diagnosis. We hope this information can guide you toward improving your life.

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