“I think therefore I am” is the English translation of French philosopher René Descartes’ (1596-1650) Cogito Ergo Sum, or “thinking Is: therefore the mind Is,” or rather “the mind exists: therefore there is thinking.” Throughout history, a conflict of theories has existed concerning what the human mind is, what structureContinue Reading

The idea that our mind consists of a conscious and unconscious began many centuries ago, even before the ancient Greeks. It has been the subject of philoshophical debate for the last two hundred years. In 1807 German philosopher Georg Hegel stated that consciousness of self depends on the presence ofContinue Reading